Drowning in Corn Kernels: Inside Sleepy Eye Fire’s Grueling Grain Bin Rescue

U.S. On Verge Of Record Corn Crop Despite Drought In Several Farm States

A farmer unloads the last of his corn from a grain bin before trucking it to a grain elevator where it will be sold on July 19, 2021, near Dwight, Illinois. Photo by Scott Olson via Getty Images.

When emergency dispatchers told Minnesota’s Sleepy Eye Fire Department that a man was drowning in corn kernels, the volunteers knew they were facing a farm foe as deadly as a city’s towering inferno.

“It’s just pulling them down like quicksand is what it is,” Sleepy Eye Fire Chief Ron Zinniel told Coffee or Die Magazine.

The incident began shortly before 11:30 a.m. on Tuesday, June 28, along County Road 27 in Prairieville Township. Farmer Robert Nelson, 82, was trying to break apart a clump of kernels stuck in his grain bin so the corn could start flowing again through the auger.

That’s a device that carries grain into a silo for storage or pulls it out to load in a truck or wagon to take to market. Nelson thought he could jog the obstructed corn loose quickly, so he didn’t bother to turn off the auger while he kneeled in the sea of seed. Then the kernels began to sluice swiftly through the machinery again, and he started sinking into a quagmire of corn.

“Once that grain starts flowing again, and they’re inside, they could be pulled to their waist in 15 seconds and completely submerged within 30 seconds,” Dan Neenan, the director for the National Education Center for Agricultural Safety, told Coffee or Die.


Augers and other mechanical devices are used to move corn out of bins that can hold many thousands of bushels of grain. Photo by Scott Olson via Getty Images.

Nelson couldn’t budge, and that didn’t surprise Zinniel.

“You’re talking 10,000 bushels of corn, and that’s a lot of pressure,” the fire chief said.

Thankfully for Nelson, his wife, Verena, noticed the grain wasn’t flowing from the machine, and she went to investigate.

“Well, lucky she did, because she walked down there and she saw that he was trapped,” Zinniel said.

The second lucky strike for Nelson came when someone turned off the auger before the firefighters arrived.

“We would have seen nothing but a bin full of corn,” Zinniel told Coffee or Die. “He would’ve been underneath the corn.”


Kirk Siegle, right, and his son Dustin work late into the evening trying to remove the last of 75,000 bushels of corn stored in grain bins on their farm June 16, 2008, near Oakville, Iowa. Photo by Scott Olson via Getty Images.

On the heels of the firefighters came other rescuers, including personnel from the Minnesota State Patrol, the Sleepy Eye Police, Brown County Sheriff’s deputies, Sleepy Eye Ambulance, and Central Region Cooperative staffers.

They found Nelson bent on his knees inside the bin, the corn up to his lips, stuck like a man trapped in drying concrete.

Zinniel said folks don’t fully understand the lethal weight of corn inside a silo. It’s so strong that, had rescuers tried to remove the farmer with a mechanical device, it would’ve ripped him in half.

“It’s amazing how much pressure and power corn can have,” Zinniel said. “It’ll grab them, and it’s like quicksand. It’s exactly like quicksand. They can’t get away from it, and it just keeps pulling them down and down and down, to the point where the corn is being augered out.”

Grain bins

A grain-rescue tube, like this one owned by Minnesota’s Sleepy Eye Fire Department, is used to keep farmers from suffocating when they’re drowning in corn or other grains stored inside bins. Photo courtesy of the Sleepy Eye Fire Department.

To keep the kernels from washing into Nelson’s mouth or snapping his ribs and collapsing his lungs, the firefighters drove the panels of a rugged aluminum grain-rescue tube into the corn around him.

Then they hacked holes in the bin to help lower the level of corn inside it, using a miniature grain auger that attaches to a hand-held power drill to pull out the kernels.

They were about an hour into the grueling mission of moving out the corn when the afternoon sun baking the silo began to take its toll.

Zinniel said one of his firefighters collapsed from heat exhaustion. Four others began to suffer “chills, feeling sick to their stomach, and massive headaches” tied to the rising temperatures on the farm.

Drowning in Corn Kernels

Sleepy Eye Fire Department firefighters punched holes in a grain bin to help rescue an 82-year-old Minnesota farmer drowning in corn on Tuesday, June 28, 2022. Sleepy Eye Fire Department photo.

A pair of Sleepy Eye Fire Department firefighter’s bunker pants rested on the ground after volunteers rescued an 82-year-old farmer from his grain bin on June 28, 2022. Sleepy Eye Fire Department photo.

But by the time the corn had ebbed to roughly a foot high, the rescuers could lift Nelson out of the bin. Paramedics rushed him to Sleepy Eye Medical Center.

He was examined, released, and returned to his farm that afternoon.

“I’ll talk with him [about] how lucky he was, but we’re glad we can be there to help,” Zinniel said. “If we had to do that over right now … in a heartbeat.”

A key reason why Sleepy Eye’s well-trained firefighters can do that is because they show up at farms armed with the right equipment, such as the rescue tube and the miniature auger they used to save Nelson from suffocating.

Drowning in Corn Kernels

A pair of bunker pants belonging to a Sleepy Eye Fire Department firefighter rested on the ground after volunteers rescued an 82-year-old Minnesota farmer from his grain bin on Tuesday, June 28, 2022. Sleepy Eye Fire Department photo.

A pair of Sleepy Eye Fire Department firefighter’s bunker pants rested on the ground after volunteers rescued an 82-year-old farmer from his grain bin on June 28, 2022. Sleepy Eye Fire Department photo.

Zinniel praised local businesses for donating the department’s mini-auger and other crucial pieces of gear, but one of the chief’s top goals is making sure farmers stay out of grain bins in the first place.

“This individual was 82 years old. He’s been farming his whole life. I guarantee that he knows what can happen,” Zinniel said. “Not saying he ever did, but if I had to guess, he’s probably entered this bin many times. It’s always the one time that you can have an outcome that isn’t good. He’s a very, very lucky individual. Very lucky.”

Neenan told Coffee or Die his safety center has promoted a nationwide Grain Bin Safety Week every February since 2014. It preaches a “zero-entry mentality” for all farmers thinking about going inside a bin, Neenan said.

Over the past seven years, the center has awarded 265 grain bin rescue tubes to first responders in 21 states. The equipment comes with rescue training in a grain entrapment simulator.

Drowning in Corn Kernels

Calvin Zimmerman of Countryside Construction helps to install a spreader on a grain bin the company is building on the farm of Mike Potratz, Aug. 16, 2011, near Sumner, Iowa. Photo by Scott Olson via Getty Images.

Neenan estimates that more than 1,800 fire departments in 45 states have been nominated to receive the gear and instruction. Awards are determined by need, but a station house can move up the list just by telling the center there isn’t a rescue tube within 50 miles of their communities, Neenan added.

Sleepy Eye’s firefighters received their equipment years ago, and Zinniel told Coffee or Die his 33 volunteers constantly conduct refresher training.

He’s given 34 years of service to fire and rescue, but Zinniel is extra proud that his son is carrying on the family tradition in Minneapolis.

“Where they’re trained on big high-rise buildings, we are trained on corn bins,” Zinniel said. “It’s basically the same.”

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Noelle is an award-winning journalist from Cincinnati, Ohio, who came to Coffee or Die Magazine following a fellowship from Military Veterans in Journalism. She graduated from the University of Cincinnati with a bachelor’s degree in journalism and has strived to be a military journalist ever since her internships with the US Army Cadet Command in college. She worked as a civilian journalist covering several units, including the 75th Ranger Regiment on Fort Benning, before she joined the military herself and served as a public affairs specialist attached to the 3rd Infantry Division. She deployed once to fill a role as a media analyst for the Special Operations Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve in Kuwait. She has a passion for sharing stories of heroes and people who are far more interesting than they think they are. She follows where the job takes her, but currently resides on the East Coast in Georgia.
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